Evaluation of Wet Cupping Therapy: Systematic Review of Randomized Clinical Trials.
Background for this Study:
Wet cupping therapy is a widely used traditional therapy in many countries, which justifies a continuous scientific evaluation of its efficacy and safety.
Objectives of this Study:
To perform a systematic review to critically evaluate and update the available evidence of wet cupping therapy in traditional and complementary medicine.
Methods of this Study:
Ten electronic databases were searched from their inceptions to February 2016. Included studies were randomized clinical trials (RCTs) that evaluated wet cupping therapy against any type of control interventions in patients with any clinical condition, as well as healthy individuals. Cochrane risk of bias tool was used to appraise the included RCTs.
Results of this Study:
Fourteen randomized clinical trials met the eligibility criteria. The included studies evaluated the following clinical conditions: nonspecific low back pain, hypertension, brachialgia, carpal tunnel syndrome, chronic neck pain, metabolic syndrome, migraine headaches, oxygen saturation in smokers with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and oral and genital ulcers due to Behçet disease.
Conclusions of this Study:
There is a promising evidence in favour of the use of wet cupping therapy for musculoskeletal pain – particularly for nonspecific low back pain, neck pain, carpal tunnel syndrome, and brachialgia. Better-quality trials are needed to generate solid evidence and firmly inform policy makers.
© The Author(s)
- Al Bedah AM
- Khalil MK
- Posadzki P
- Sohaibani I
- Aboushanab TS
- AlQaed M
- Ali GI
J Altern Complement Med. 2016 Oct;22(10):768-777. Epub 2016 Aug 24