In China, the modality of Acupuncture is called 针灸 (Zhen Jiu). 针 is acupuncture; 灸 is moxibustion. Acupuncture and moxibustion are two important components of traditional Chinese medicine.
Moxibustion is the burning of a dried, spongy herb called mugwort which has warming and stimulating therapeutic properties. It can be wrapped around the tip of an inserted acupuncture needle to increase the stimulation of an acupoint. Or, the burning mugwort stick can be held above the area being treated, and the related pressure points, to give a pleasant heating sensation which facilitates healing.
Acupuncture and “moxa” treatments are characterised by their amazingly rapid attainment of the desired results, their wide application, simple equipment, safe* and easy techniques. They have therefore been widely accepted by the general population.
*Acupuncture and Chinese medicine are generally considered to be safe in the hands of a well-trained practitioner, but occasionally (as with all health treatments) may be associated with possible adverse reactions in individual cases.