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In the following six(6) studies it is suggested that electroacupuncture for weight loss may be an effective therapy for obesity.

1. Electroacupuncture therapy for weight loss reduces serum total cholesterol, triglycerides, and LDL cholesterol levels in obese women.

Background of this study:
The purpose in this study was to investigate the effect of acupuncture therapy on body weight and on levels of the serum total cholesterol, triglyceride, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol in obese women.

Method of this study:
Fifty-five women were studied in three groups as follows:
(1) control group (n = 12; mean age = 43.3 +/- 4.3, and mean body mass index {BMI} = 32.2 +/- 3.4);
(2) electroacupuncture (EA) (n = 22; mean age = 39.8 +/- 5.3, and BMI = 34.8 +/- 3.3); and
(3) diet restriction (n = 21; mean age = 42.7 +/- 3.9, and BMI = 34.9 +/- 3.3).

Electroacupuncture was performed using the ear points, Sanjiao (Hungry) and Shen Men (Stomach), and the body points, LI 4, LI 11, St 25, St 36, St 44 and Liv 3, once daily, for 30 minutes, for 20 days, whereas patients on diet restriction had a 1425 Kcal diet program, that consisted of 1425 Kcal daily for 20 days.

Results of this study:
There was a 4.8% weight reduction in patients with electroacupuncture application, whereas patients on diet restriction had a 2.5% weight reduction. There were significant decreases in total cholesterol and triglyceride levels in electroacupuncture and diet groups compared with the control group (p < 0.05 in both cases). Furthermore, there was a decrease in LDL levels in the EA group compared with the control group (p < 0.05). No significant changes could be found in HDL levels among the three groups.

Conclusions of this study:
Our results suggest that electroacupuncture application in obese women may decrease the serum total cholesterol, triglyceride, and LDL cholesterol levels by increasing the serum beta endorphin level. This lipolytic effect of electroacupuncture may also reduce the morbidity of obesity by mobilizing the energy stores that result in weight reduction.

The Authors.
Cabioğlu MT
Ergene N.

Author information
Cabioglu Acupuncture Treatment Clinic, Selçuklu 42040, Konya, Turkey.

Trial registration
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16173527?mc_cid=07d64f78f8&mc_eid=c26a383d14
 PMID: 16173527 DOI: 10.1142/S0192415X05003132 [Indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 2.  Changes in levels of serum insulin, C-Peptide and glucose after electroacupuncture and diet therapy in obese women.

Background of this study:
The purpose was to investigate the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) therapy on body weight and on levels of serum insulin, c-peptide and glucose in obese women.

Method of this study:
52 healthy women were included in this study and were allocated into three groups:
1) Placebo EA group (n = 15; mean age = 41.8 +/- 4.6 and mean body mass index {BMI} = 33.2 +/- 3.5);
2) EA group (n = 20; mean age = 42.1 +/- 4.4 and BMI = 35.9 +/- 3.6) and
3) Diet restriction group (n = 20; mean age = 42.9 +/- 4.3 and BMI = 34.7 +/- 2.7).

Electroacupuncture was applied to the ear points Hunger and Shen Men on alternating days and to the body points LI 4, LI 11, St 36 and St 44 once a day for 30 minutes over 20 days. Diet restriction that entailed a 1450 kilocalorie (kcal) diet program was applied to the three groups for 20 days.

Results of this study:
An increase in weight loss was observed when weight loss in the EA group (p < 0.000) was compared to that in the diet restricted and placebo EA groups using the Tukey HSD test. There were increases in the serum insulin (p < 0.001) and c-peptide levels (p < 0.000) in the women treated with electroacupuncture compared to those in the women treated with the placebo electroacupuncture and diet restriction groups. A decrease was observed in the glucose levels (p < 0.01) in both the EA and diet restriction groups compared to those in the placebo electroacupuncture group.

Conclusions of this study:
Our results suggest that electroacupuncture therapy is an effective method in treating obesity. Electroacupuncture therapy also helps serum glucose levels to decrease through the increase of serum insulin and c-peptide levels.

The Authors.
Cabioğlu MT
Ergene N.

Author information
Cabioglu Acupuncture Treatment Clinic, Selçuklu 42040, Konya, Turkey.

Trial registration
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16710886
PMID: 16710886 DOI: 10.1142/S0192415X06003904  [Indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 3.  Changes in serum leptin and beta endorphin levels with weight loss by electroacupuncture and diet restriction in obesity treatment.

Background of this study:
This study aimed to investigate the role of changes in leptin and beta endorphin (BE) levels in weight loss following electroacupuncture (EA) application in obesity treatment.

Method of this study:
Electroacupuncture was applied to 20 females who were 41.45 +/- 4.71 years old and had a body mass index of 36.00 +/- 2.66; and a diet program was applied to 20 females who were 42.30 +/- 4.35 years old and had a body mass index of 34.90 +/- 3.21.

Results of this study:
There was a 4.5% weight reduction in the patients with electroacupuncture application, whereas patients on diet restriction had a 3.1% weight reduction. A decrease of loss of body weight was observed in the electroacupuncture group (p < 0.000) when compared against the diet restricted group. A decrease of serum leptin levels (p < 0.000) and an increase in the serum BE (p < 0.05) levels were observed in the electroacupuncture group compared to the diet restricted group. In this study, reduced serum leptin levels paralleling to weight loss were observed in the electroacupuncture group. Furthermore, it is thought that in the electroacupuncture applied group, increasing serum BE level probably enhanced the lipolitic activity which may have caused weight loss in obese people by mobilizing energy stores.

Conclusions of this study:
It may be considered that the electroacupuncture application with diet restriction in obesity treatment is more effective than the diet restriction alone.

The Authors.
Cabioğlu MT
Ergene N.

Author information
Cabioglu Acupuncture Treatment Clinic, Selçuklu 42040, Konya, Turkey.

Trial registration
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16437734
PMID: 16437734 DOI: 10.1142/S0192415X06003588 [Indexed for MEDLINE]

 

4.  Serum IgG, IgA, IgM, and IgE levels after electroacupuncture and diet therapy in obese women.

Background of this study:
The study investigated the effect of acupuncture therapy on obese women’s body weight and peripheral blood levels of serum immunoglobulin G (IgG), immunoglobulin A (IgA), immunoglobulin M (IgM), and immunoglobulin E (IgE).

Method of this study:
Sixty-three healthy women were assigned into 3 groups:-  
1) placebo electroacupuncture (n = 13; mean age, 40.5 +/- 4.2 years; body mass index [BMI], 33.5 +/- 4.2),
2) diet restriction (n = 23; mean age, 42.9 +/- 4.0 years; BMI, 34.6 +/- 2.9), and
3) electroacupuncture (n = 24; mean age, 40.1 +/- 5.9 years; BMI, 33.9 +/- 2.7).

Electroacupuncture was applied to the Hunger and Shen Men ear points and to the LI 4, LI 11, St 36, St 44, and Ren 6 body points for 30 min once daily for 20 days. A restricted diet of 1400 kilocalories was given to participants in all 3 groups for 20 days.

Results of this study:
Weight was lost significantly in subjects in the electroacupuncture group compared to those in the diet restriction and placebo electroacupuncture groups (p < 0.000, Tukey test). Modulations in serum IgG (p < 0.001) were apparent in women treated with electroacupuncture compared with women treated with placebo electroacupuncture and restricted diet only. No significant changes were seen in serum IgA, IgM, and IgE levels among the 3 groups.

Conclusions of this study:
Our results suggest that electroacupuncture can be effectively used to treat obesity. We also observed a modulating effect of serum IgG, which is associated with weight loss, in patients in the electroacupuncture group.

The Authors.
Cabioğlu MT
Ergene N
Surucu HS
Celik HH
Findik D

Author information
Department of Physiology, Medical Faculty, Başkent University, Ankara, Turkey.

Trial registration
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18186582
 PMID: 18186582 DOI: 10.1142/S0192415X07005429 [Indexed for MEDLINE]

  

5.  The efficacy of electroacupuncture therapy for weight loss changes plasma lipoprotein A, apolipoprotein A and apolipoprotein B levels in obese women.

Background of this study:
In the present study, we aimed to investigate the effects of electroacupuncture treatment on lipoprotein A, apolipoprotein A and apolipoprotein B levels in obese subjects.

Method of this study:
Fifty-eight women were studied in 3 groups as follows:
1) Placebo acupuncture (n = 15; mean age = 41.47 +/- 4.61, and mean body mass index {BMI} = 33.43 +/- 3.10);
2) Electroacupuncture (EA) (n = 20; mean age = 40.55 +/- 5.30, and BMI = 35.65 +/- 3.84) and
3) Diet restriction groups (n = 23; mean age = 42.91 +/- 4.02, and BMI = 34.78 +/- 3.29).

Electroacupuncture was performed using the ear points, Hungry, Shen Men and Stomach the body points, Hegu (LI 4), Quchi (LI 11), Tianshu (St 25), Zusanli (St 36), Neiting (St 44) and Taichong (Liv 3) for 20 days. Intragroup comparisons were made by using paired samples t-test whereas intergroup differences were investigated by the two-way variation analysis and LSD test.

Results of this study:
There was a 4.7% (p < 0.001) weight reduction in patients with electroacupuncture application, whereas patients in diet restriction had a 2.9% (p < 0.001) weight reduction. There were significant decreases in lipoprotein A (p < 0.05) and apolipoprotein B (p < 0.05) levels in the  electroacupuncture compared to the control group and no changes in apolipoprotein A levels was observed in electroacupuncture, diet and placebo acupuncture groups.

Conclusions of this study:
Electroacupuncture therapy may be a useful approach for the treatment of obesity for both losing weight and lowing the risk factors for cardiovascular disease associated with obesity, since this application may decrease the plasma lipoprotein A and apolipoprotein B levels.

The Authors.
Cabioğlu MT
Ergene N
Gundogan N

Author information
Department of Physiology, Medical Faculty, Başkent University, Ankara, Turkey. 

Trial registration
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19051333
PMID: 19051333 DOI: 10.1142/S0192415X08006430 [Indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 6.  Electroacupuncture treatment of obesity with psychological symptoms.

Background of this study:
The aim was to study the effect of placebo EA, electroacupuncture (EA), and diet on obesity and accompanying psychological symptoms.

Method of this study:
One hundred and sixty-five volunteer women participated in the study. There were three groups:
(i) Placebo EA,
(ii) EA, and
(iii) diet restriction group.

Electroacupuncture was performed by using three ear and six body points.

Results of this study:
There was a 4.8% reduction in weight of patients with electroacupuncture application, whereas patients with a diet restriction and placebo electroacupuncture had a 2.5% and 2.7% weight reduction, respectively. There were significant decreases in phobia, anger, anxiety, obsession, paranoid symptoms, and depression in the electroacupuncture groups compared to those of the placebo electroacupuncture and diet groups.

Conclusions of this study:
It was suggested that electroacupuncture may be an effective therapy for obesity including the psychological signs and symptoms in women.

The Authors.
Cabioğlu MT
Ergene N

Author information
Department of Physiology, Selçuk University, Meram Medical School, Konya, Turkey.

Trial registration
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17464776
PMID: 17464776 DOI: 10.1080/00207450500535545 [Indexed for MEDLINE]